Medical Myths About Lung Cancer and Best Lung Cancer Treatment

by | Jul 12, 2023 | Best Cancer Doctors, Best Lung Cancer Treatment, Lung Cancer

First and foremost, if you smoked get screened. There is no doubt smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer, and the earlier it’s detected, the greater the chance of successfully treating it and surviving the disease.

However there are a lot of myths and misunderstandings about lung cancer, including other risk factors pollution, surgery, and talcum powder.

Here’s what we know for sure: Lung and bronchial cancer causes more deaths in the U.S. than any other type of cancer in both men and women. Although survival rates have increased over the years due to improved treatments, the outlook is still bleak. The five-year survival rate is only 22%.

In this article published in Medical News Today, they approach medical misinformation head on. Using expert insight and peer reviewed research to wrestle fact from fiction, MNT brings clarity to the myth riddled world of health journalism.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2018, there were 218,520 new cases of lung cancer and 142,080 related deaths in the United States.

According to the World Health Organization, globally, in 2020, lung cancer was the second most common cancer after breast cancer, with 2.21 million cases. It was responsible for 1.8 million deaths.

Although prevalent, lung cancer is commonly misunderstood. To help us get to the truth of the matter, we enlisted the help of Dr. Fred R. Hirsch, executive director of the Center of Excellence for Thoracic Oncology at Mount Sinai’s Tisch Cancer Institute, in New York City. He is also the Joe Lowe and Louis Price Professor of Medicine, Hematology and Medical Oncology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

1. Only smokers develop lung cancer

As Dr. Hirsch explains “That is not correct, and unfortunately, it’s a very hurtful myth and causes stigma.”

According to the CDC, around 10–20% of people with lung cancer in the U.S. never smoked or have smoked fewer than 100 cigarettes in their lives.

Every year, around 7,300 deaths from lung cancer among nonsmokers are from secondhand smoke, the CDC reports, and a further 2,900 are from radon exposure.

2. There is no way to reduce the risk

“There are several ways to reduce lung cancer risk,” explains Dr. Hirsch. “First and foremost is smoking prevention and smoking cessation.”

For anyone who is trying to give up smoking, here are some evidence-based tips to help.

Dr. Hirsch also described the importance of limiting exposure to secondhand smoke, which is sometimes called passive smoking. According to the CDC:

“Nonsmokers who are exposed to secondhand smoke at home or at work increase their risk of developing lung cancer by 20–30%.”

“Other smoking products are also considered to be a potential risk for lung cancer development,” Dr. Hirsch said.

“Lung cancer screening with a low-dose CT scan in high-risk populations, such as people who are 50 years old with a history of smoking a pack a day for 20 or more years, reduces lung cancer mortality by more than 20%.”

“Other risk factors include radon exposure,” Dr. Hirsch continued. “Thus, measuring radon in your home is important. [In addition,] certain lifestyle behaviors are considered potential risk factors, and exercise and avoiding obesity is important.”

3. Only older adults develop lung cancer

“No, that is not true.” Dr. Hirsch confirmed. Although more than half of people diagnosed with lung cancer are older than 65, “More and more younger individuals below the age of 50 are getting lung cancer, particularly women.”

4. Living in a polluted city is worse than smoking for lung cancer risk

There is good evidence that pollution generated by traffic increases the risk of lung cancer. For instance, the authors of a meta-analysis that investigated this conclude:

“Exposure to nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide, and fine particulate matter were positively associated with a risk of lung cancer. Occupational exposure to air pollution among professional drivers significantly increased the incidence and mortality of lung cancer.”

However, comparisons between pollution and smoking are harder to make. “Living in polluted cities is a risk factor, but no one knows for sure whether it is worse than the use of tobacco products, and the combination might be even worse,” explained Dr. Hirsch.

5. ‘I’ve smoked for years, there’s no point stopping now’

Simply put, according to Dr. Hirsch, “Smoking cessation reduces the risk of lung cancer significantly.”

Aside from lung cancer, stopping smoking also reduces the risk of developing a range of other conditions, including heart disease, osteoporosis, and diabetes.

As the National Institute on Aging write: “It doesn’t matter how old you are or how long you’ve been smoking, quitting smoking at any time improves your health. When you quit, you are likely to add years to your life, breathe more easily, have more energy, and save money.”

6. Smoking cannabis does not increase lung cancer risk

“We believe cannabis represents a risk factor,” explained Dr. Hirsch, “but we need more long-term studies. Epidemiological evidence for an association between cannabis and lung cancer is limited and conflicting.”

One of the difficulties in studying this association, he explained, is that people who smoke cannabis often smoke tobacco, too. This makes teasing apart the effects of each factor more challenging.

7. If you have lung cancer, you may as well continue to smoke

This is not true. Alongside the myriad benefits of quitting smoking, “People with lung cancer who quit smoking have a better prognosis,” confirmed Dr. Hirsch.

8. Lung cancer surgery makes the cancer spread

“No, lung cancer surgery does not make lung cancer spread,” Dr. Hirsch. He then explained why it is important to have early surgery and the measures taken to prevent any spread.

“Lung cancer surgery is advised in early stage lung cancer.” At this stage, he explained, it can cure the cancer.

“If a tumor is large or has loco-regional dissemination,” he continued, “adjuvant therapy, such as chemotherapy or immunotherapy before surgery, will further reduce risk of having cancer cells in the blood.”

Dr. Hirsch added that clinical research has shown that this approach prolongs survival and reduces the risk of dying.

9. Breathing in talcum powder increases lung cancer risk

According to Dr. Hirsch, “Talcum has not been associated with higher risk for lung cancer.” He explained how this myth might have started:

“Some studies have shown a slightly higher risk in people who are involved in talc mining and processing, but it is not clear whether it is because of the mineral or other things underground known to cause lung cancer, such as the radioactive gas radon.”

10. If I had lung cancer, I would have symptoms

“Unfortunately, that is not always the case,” Dr. Hirsch explained. “Lung cancer can be detected in totally asymptomatic cases or in individuals with slight respiratory symptoms.”

He explained that this is one reason why lung cancer screening in high-risk people is so important. He pointed out that even in nonsmokers there may be an advantage to screening, but studies have not confirmed this yet.

“Studies with lung cancer screening in never-smokers are ongoing,” he said, reiterating that catching lung cancer early increases survival rates.

11. Lung cancer is always terminal

Thankfully, this is also false. According to Dr. Hirsch, when healthcare professionals detect lung cancer early, it “has a cure rate of more than 60%.”

He continued: “Even lung cancer diagnosed in more advanced disease today has a much better potential for long-term survival in certain situations. Progress in therapy and outcomes for patients with advanced lung cancer that has specific genetic mutations, which can be targeted by specific therapies, has been tremendous over the last decade.”

12. Antioxidant supplements protect against lung cancer

“Because antioxidants play an important role in protecting our cells from DNA damage that could include cancer-causing mutations or other genomic abnormalities, several clinical studies have been performed, but unfortunately, most failed to demonstrate any conclusive protection against lung cancer in a clinical setting,” Dr. Hirsch told us.

“There are a few studies indicating that several dietary antioxidants, like carotenoids and vitamin C may protect against lung cancer, but the results overall are somewhat ambiguous. More specific studies in well-defined smoking populations are needed as well as studies of ‘dosages’ of antioxidants.”

13. Smoking is the only risk factor for lung cancer

Smoking is perhaps the most well-known risk factor for lung cancer, but it is certainly not the only one. Other risk factors include a family history of lung cancer, exposure to air pollution, exposure to radon, exposure to asbestos, previous radiation to the chest, and chronic lung disease.

Author: Tim Newman  — Fact checked by Hilary Guite, FFPH, MRCGP

Lung Cancer Treatment in Miami, FL

No doubt, being diagnosed with lung cancer is terrifying, but it doesn’t have to be a death sentence any more.

Lung cancer is one of the most frequently treated diseases at the CyberKnife Center of Miami.

That’s because CyberKnife radiation therapy is becoming the number one treatment of choice by lung cancer patients.

Benefits of Non-Invasive Lung Cancer Treatment at CyberKnife

  • Excellent control of lung tumors due to precise radiation targeting
  • Lower risk of damage to healthy tissue surrounding tumors
  • Better quality of life for patients while undergoing treatment

With this cutting-edge technology, we can deliver very high doses of radiation to the tumor without damaging healthy or already compromised lung tissue.

It’s also the only technology that can continually track respiratory movement during treatment as the patient breathes, so radiation targets only the tumor, sparing normal lung tissue from being damaged. Treatments usually take 30 to 60 minutes and are done on an outpatient basis in three to five treatments. If the tumors come back, we can often ablate them again.

The medical team will determine the size of the area being targeted by radiation and the dosage. The doctors may choose to deliver the treatment in three to five treatments.
The CyberKnife treatment is completely pain free. Patients dress comfortably in their own clothes and can bring music to listen to during the treatment.
Nothing will be required of the patient during the treatment, except to relax. In fact, patients often sleep through the treatment.
There are generally only minimal side effects from CyberKnife treatments, which may include mild fatigue.

When treating lung cancer with traditional radiation, it’s difficult to deliver an effective dose without risking damage to healthy surrounding tissue, because the technology cannot track the tumor as the patient breathes naturally.

The CyberKnife also delivers much stronger, precise doses of radiation, leading to tumor destruction and little chance of it coming back.

CyberKnife is usually done on patients who are unwilling or unable to undergo open surgery. CyberKnife may be used instead of, or along with, surgery and chemotherapy.

With the CyberKnife, we are able to treat most primary non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC) such as squamous cell, large cell, and adenocarcinoma, as well as metastatic lung cancers resulting from renal cell, melanoma, colon cancer, and breast cancer.

Because of CyberKnife’s sophisticated technology, we can control the radiation beams to match the exact shape of a tumor or lesion. The beams are directed at the cancer from many different angles. After completing the CyberKnife treatment, patients will schedule follow-up appointments.
Keep in mind that the tumor will not suddenly disappear. In fact, it could take several weeks or longer to determine the effectiveness of the CyberKnife treatment.
Response to treatment varies from patient to patient. Clinical experience has shown us that most patients respond very well to CyberKnife treatments, like Mike.
“I was given months to live with lung cancer, that was over a decade ago.”

If you have lung cancer, it’s critical to understand your treatment options. To find out if you’re a candidate for life-saving CyberKnife radiosurgery, call the CyberKnife Center of Miami at (800) 204-0455.

Watch this video to see exactly how CyberKnife works.